Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
  Sarawak Tourism
  Getting There & Around
 
  Sarawak Map 1
  Sarawak Map 2
 
  PEOPLE & ETHNIC GROUP:
 
  General Info
  Bidayuh (Land Dayak's)
  Iban (Sea Dayak's)
  Melanau
  Orang Ulu
 
  Iban Longhouse Visit
 
  ARTS & CRAFTS:
  General Info
  Pua Kumbu, Pua Sungkit & Pua Karap
   
  Eating Out, Nightlife & Local Delicacy
 
  PLACES OF INTEREST :
 
  Adventure Nature & Wildlife
  National Parks & Wildlife Conservation
   
  KUCHING (STATE CAPITAL):
 
  General Info
  Bus Service / Transportation
  Map
 
  History & People
  Dining & Entertainment
  Nightlife
  Shopping
 
  Recreation & Sports
  Spa Retreats
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  City Centre
  Kuching On Foot
  Heritage Trails
  Historical Buildings
  Museums
  Handicrafts
  Street Life
 
  Nature & National Parks
  Bako National Park
  Batang Ai National Park
  Gunung Gading National Park
  Kubah National Park
  Kuching Wetlands National park
  Matang Wildlife Centre
  Semenggoh Nature Reserve
  Talang Satang National Park
  Tanjung Datu National Park
 
  Santubong & Damai Beach
  General Info
  Irrawady Dolphin
  Sarawak Cultural Village
 
  Kuching Southwest
  Tourist Destination
  Teluk Melano & Sematan
 
  Sibu
  General Info
  Dining & Entertainment
  Shopping & Accommodation
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  City Centre
  Bawang Assan Iban Longhouse
 
  Melanau's Heartland:
  Mukah Town
  Dalat Town
 
  Up Rejang River:
  General Info
  Kanowit, Song & Belaga
  Kapit
 
  Down Rejang River:
  General Info
 
  Miri
  General Info
  City Map
  In & Around Miri Map
 
  Lifestyle & Nightlife
  Shopping
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  Must Visit Places
  Bario & Ba?kelalan
 
  Gunung Mulu National Park
  Lambir Hills National Park
  Loagan Bunut National Park
  Niah National Park
  Similajau National Park
 
 
 
 
SARAWAK - EAST MALAYSIA / MALAYSIA BORNEO

PEOPLE / ETHNIC GROUP : Bidayuh - Land Dayak's

 
 

BIDAYUH ETHNIC GROUP

 

Also referred to as the Land Dayak's, the Bidayuh's in Sarawak is mostly found in the Kuching and Samarahan division. They particularly reside in Lundu, Bau, Penrissen, Padawan, and Serian. The Bidayuhs consists of many groups and sub-groups, with the main groups consisting of the Bukar-Sadung of Serian District, Bau-Jagoi of Bau District and Salako-Lara of Lundu District. These different groups speak multiple of dialects, which further distinguishes between the different sub-groups that exist. It is believed that the Bidayuh's were the first people to settle in Sarawak. In the past, the Bidayuh's have been known to work the land, shifting their agricultural and hunting bases every so often, in areas surrounding their permanent villages.

 

Their gentleness and simplicity in the life of the Bidayuh's endears them to everyone they meet! Known for their hospitality and warm smiles, they are mostly found in the Kuching and Semarahan Divisions.

 
 
 

COSTUME

 

Though in the past, the traditional costumes of the Bidayuh were made of the soft inner barks of trees, in recent years, this have been replaced with cotton costumes. Bidayuh men wear traditional costumes made up of a long loincloth called a tawuop or tahup, which is made of cotton with coloured bands at the ends. On their heads they normally don a headgear called the burang sumba, typically made of tree bark and decorated with feathers. This basic costume has several variations according to the sub-groups of the Bidayuh. The Bidayuh women, on the other hand, wear a top called a jomuh and a long skirt. They also use jewelleries made of shell, copper, silver and other materials.

 
 
 

ARTS & CRAFTS

 

Palm, rattan, tree barks, bamboo and various other plants gathered from the forests are woven into works of art by the many tribal community here. The Bidayuhs are famous for their kesah mats, stoutly woven from rattan and beaten tree bark while the Melanaus and Malays are well known for using the leaves of sago, pandanus and palms to make intricately plaited baskets, colourful mats, hats and home decorative items. The Bidayuhs are experts in bamboo carving. They produce very fine boxes and containers that have been designed to hold betel nut or blowpipe darts. Apart from that, the boxes can also be used for storing pens and pencils. They are also known for their skills in basketry and rucksacks.

 

These rucksacks can hold 30 kg of rice (the third strap goes over your forehead!), and mats that are attractive, hard-wearing and extremely practical.

 
 

 

EVENTS & CELEBRATIONS
 

Like the Ibans, the beliefs and economy, centres on rice cultivation. As such, the Bidayuhs celebrate the Gawai Padi (Gawia Sowa), an annual event held in June to thank the rice spirit for giving farmers a good harvest, and also to seek blessing from the spirits for a better harvest the next year. The Bidayuhs always seems a little genteel compared to their Iban counterpart, with families visiting one another in the village. For the Bidayuh villagers of the Bau and Singai districts near Kuching, Gawai Dayak is apparently free of tradition, ritual and history, with the opportunity to visit friends and relatives. Many Bidayuh villages still celebrate Gawai Padi, but they do not celebrate it simultaneously.

 

In fact, very few of them celebrate it during the public holiday. Instead, every weekend throughout June, each village holds its own celebrations.

 
 
 
 
PEOPLE / ETHNIC GROUP : Bidayuh - Land Dayak's
SARAWAK - EAST MALAYSIA / MALAYSIA BORNEO