Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
  Getting There
  Getting Around
 
  Terengganu Map 1
  Terengganu Map 2
  Kuala Terengganu Map
 
  Visit Terengganu
  Discover Terengganu
  The Ultimate Destination
 
  Unique Homestays
  Local Delicacy
 
ARTS & CULTURE
  Traditional Games & Pastimes
  Traditional Music & Dance
   
HISTORY & HERITAGE
  Terengganu History
  The 19th Century
  The 20th Century
  The Age Of Commerce
 
  The Inscribed Stone
 
  Traditional Boat Building
  Malay Exotic Wooden
  Royal Treasures
  The Chinese Village
  Others
   
HANDICRAFTS
  Malay Handicrafts
  Batik, Songket & Silk
  Brassware & Wood Carving
  Mengkuang & Pandanus Weaving
  Keris (Blade) Making
  Rattan & Bamboo Product
  Traditional Wau / Kite Making
   
PLACES OF INTEREST
 
  Must Visit Places
 
ISLANDS HOLIDAYS
  Islands Of Terengganu
  Pulau Perhentian Island
  Pulau Lang Tengah Island
  Pulau Redang Island
  Pulau Bidong Island
  Pulau Kapas & Gemia Island
  Pulau Tenggol Island
 
  Beach Holidays
  Recreational Forest
 
TASIK KENYIR (LAKE)
  General Info
  Herbs Park & Kelah Sanctuary
  Adventure Nature
  Tanjong Mentong (Taman Negara)
  Houseboat Holidays
 
  Getting There
  Map
   
KUALA TERENGGANU
  Around The City
  Islamic Civilization Park
  Batu Burok Beach
  Chendering
  The Museum
  Sungai Terengganu River Cruise
   
MARANG
  Overview
   
DUNGUN
  Overview
  Chemerong Waterfall
  Rantau Abang (Turtle Nesting)
   
KEMAMAN
  Overview
   
HULU TERENGGANU
  Overview
  Ajil Pheasant Park
  Berang River Safari
  Sekayu Waterfall (Must Visit)
   
SETIU
  Overview
   
KUALA BESUT
  Overview
  Lata Belatan Recreational Forest
  Lata Berangin & La Hot Springs
  Lata Tembakah Waterfall
 
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
 
 
 
TERENGGANU - EAST COAST REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

HISTORY & HERITAGE - Terengganu History

 
 

Kuala Terengganu Town - as illustrated London News of 29th March 1890.

 

Owing to the northeast monsoon, Terengganu annually experiences heavy rainfall between November and March. Floods over low-lying areas are common. Coastal trading activities are not possible during the monsoon period. Terengganu's early history is unclear. Local beliefs (both oral and written) as well as the occasional references made by foreign travelers do not provide a coherent picture. Deciphering names rendered in various languages poses yet another formidable challenge. The discovery of the Terengganu Stone (dated 1303 A.D.) indicates roughly when Islam first arrived but it provides few information about the existence of any kingdom and the nature of its society. Neither is Chao Ju-Kua's description of Terengganu (and Kelantan) in 1225 helpful. This Chinese trade official, however, mentioned that Terengganu was then a dependency of Srivijaya, a Buddhist kingdom based at Palembang, Sumatra.

 

There are references to Terengganu too in the Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals) as well as other Malay sources. It appears that the title used by the early rulers of Terengganu was Telanai.   This was probably earlier than the mid-fifteenth century when Terengganu had already come under the suzerainty of Melaka (founded in c. 1400 A.D.). But until the founding of the present ruling dynasty of Terengganu in the early 18th century, information available on Terengganu remains scanty. Tun Zainal Abidin, the founder of the Sultanate, was the son of Tun Abdul Majid bin Tun Mat Ali, the Bendahara (Prime Minister) of Old Johor whose other son,   Abdul Jalil, when holding the office of Bendahara, although a commoner, succeeded to the johor throne when Sultan Mahmud (the last of the Melaka line of rulers descended from Parameswara) was assassinated in 1699.

 

For many years, it was thought that Zainal Abidin became the ruler in Terengganu in 1725/1726. But the discovery of Terengganu coins, dated 1708 and bearing Sultan Zainal Abidin's name, shows that the sultanate had been founded in the early part of the 18th century. It is more likely that he obtained his legitimacy (daulat) from his brother, possibly with the concurrence of the ruler of Pattani. Terengganu in earlier years had close political links with Pattani.

 
 

Gold Kupang Coin - Terengganu Heritage

Gold Mas Coin - Terengganu Heritage

 

(Both issued in Terengganu during the reign of Sultan Zainal Abidin Shah 11, 1793 - 1808.)

 

Sultan Zainal Abidin passed away in 1733, and was succeeded by a young son, Mansur, who was only seven years old. Sultan Mansur did enjoy a long reign (53 years). Throughout the period, he was preoccupied with Terengganu's external relations with Johor, Kelantan, the Dutch, the Siamese, and the English. English traders were beginning to call at Kuala, Terengganu by the mid- 1 8th century. Capt. Joseph Jackson of the East India Company charter vessel, the Pitt, was in Kuala Terengganu in 1764. He reported that the place "... seems to be equal or superior to either the Coast of Choromandell or that of Malabar". It was also an important centre for pepper trade.

 

The Chinese still had a large settlement and carried on a substantial trade. Sultan Mansur was willing to allow the English to establish a settlement at Kuala Terengganu. Madras pursued the idea but London discouraged any further progress.   French traders at that time also visited Kuala Terengganu. The French ship, St lean Baptiste, was there in 1769. Their reports indicated that there were three bazaars there: one each for the Chinese, the Malays and the Siamese but, on the whole, the town was "badly built with rough wooden huts, some with tiled roads, others with roof and house covered with coconut leaves... raised on pile 8 or 9 feet high....'

 
  TERENGGANU AND NEIGHBOURING THREATS

Terengganu constantly faced Siamese threat. Sultan Mansur I, in 1782, found it politic to send the bunga mas (golden flower) to Bangkok which was interpreted as a symbol of subordination. The British refrained from interference until the 1820s when, as a result of the threat Siam posed to Perak and Selangor after the Siamese conquest of Kedah in 1821, Capt. Henry Burney, Military Secretary at Penang, was sent to Bangkok to conclude what was known as the Burney Treaty in June 1826. Although, unlike Perak and Selangor, the position of Terengganu and Kelantan remained uncertain, the Siamese agreed, under the treaty, not to interfere with British trade in the two eastern states.

 

Meanwhile, Sultan Mansur continued to focus on foreign affairs. His attempt to shore up the position of the Malays in johor in the face of strong Bugis control of the sultanate failed. But Bugis power collapsed in 1784 when they lost a major naval battle to the Dutch at Teluk Ketapang (near Melaka). Sultan Mansur was more successful in the north where, possibly in 1776, he appointed Long Yunus, of Patani origin, as the Raja of Kelantan. Terengganu's hold over Kelantan lasted until 1800 when Long Yunus son, Long Muhammad, broke away from Terengganu and assumed the title of Sultan Muhammad.

 
 
 
HISTORY & HERITAGE - Terengganu History
TERENGGANU - EAST COAST REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA