Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
  Sarawak Tourism
  Getting There & Around
 
  Sarawak Map 1
  Sarawak Map 2
 
  PEOPLE & ETHNIC GROUP:
 
  General Info
  Bidayuh (Land Dayak's)
  Iban (Sea Dayak's)
  Melanau
  Orang Ulu
 
  Iban Longhouse Visit
 
  ARTS & CRAFTS:
  General Info
  Pua Kumbu, Pua Sungkit & Pua Karap
   
  Eating Out, Nightlife & Local Delicacy
 
  PLACES OF INTEREST :
 
  Adventure Nature & Wildlife
  National Parks & Wildlife Conservation
   
  KUCHING (STATE CAPITAL):
 
  General Info
  Bus Service / Transportation
  Map
 
  History & People
  Dining & Entertainment
  Nightlife
  Shopping
 
  Recreation & Sports
  Spa Retreats
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  City Centre
  Kuching On Foot
  Heritage Trails
  Historical Buildings
  Museums
  Handicrafts
  Street Life
 
  Nature & National Parks
  Bako National Park
  Batang Ai National Park
  Gunung Gading National Park
  Kubah National Park
  Kuching Wetlands National park
  Matang Wildlife Centre
  Semenggoh Nature Reserve
  Talang Satang National Park
  Tanjung Datu National Park
 
  Santubong & Damai Beach
  General Info
  Irrawady Dolphin
  Sarawak Cultural Village
 
  Kuching Southwest
  Tourist Destination
  Teluk Melano & Sematan
 
  Sibu
  General Info
  Dining & Entertainment
  Shopping & Accommodation
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  City Centre
  Bawang Assan Iban Longhouse
 
  Melanau's Heartland:
  Mukah Town
  Dalat Town
 
  Up Rejang River:
  General Info
  Kanowit, Song & Belaga
  Kapit
 
  Down Rejang River:
  General Info
 
  Miri
  General Info
  City Map
  In & Around Miri Map
 
  Lifestyle & Nightlife
  Shopping
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  Must Visit Places
  Bario & Ba?kelalan
 
  Gunung Mulu National Park
  Lambir Hills National Park
  Loagan Bunut National Park
  Niah National Park
  Similajau National Park
 
 
 
 
SARAWAK - EAST MALAYSIA / MALAYSIA BORNEO

PEOPLE / ETHNIC GROUP : Iban - Sea Dayak's

 
 

IBAN ETHNIC GROUP

 

The largest ethnic group in Sarawak, the Iban makes up about 30% of the population. In the past, the Iban were infamous as headhunters and fierce warriors. The Iban's have been known to be pirates and as such, they are often referred to as the Sea Dayaks. The Ibans traditional settlements are located in the river valleys of Batang Ai, the Skrang River, Saribas, and the Rejang River. The Ibans are well known for their intricately-built longhouses normally located near a river, which are made up of a longhouse that are compartmentalized into individual units. These longhouses may have anywhere between six to nearly a hundred units! Longhouses located in newly opened areas are typically made of bamboo and tree bark, but more established and prosperous longhouses can be made of precious and long-lasting hardwoods. Primarily a communal group, the Iban's community practices their own brand of democracy, with the elders having an important role in major decisions. The decisions affect the entire community and a tuai or headman who is appointed by the entire community heads each longhouse. Today, the Iban's are known to be a hospitable and friendly people. Nowadays many Iban's grow cash crops such as pepper, rubber, cocoa and oil palm, as well as hill rice. Many others live in Sarawak's town and cities, but maintain strong ties to their ancestral longhouses.

 
 
 

COSTUME

 

The best-known costume is that worn by the Iban warrior. The costume consists of a vest-like top that is adorned by a full beadwork down the front, an equally adorned loincloth and a headdress decorated with colourful feathers. This traditional costume is normally worn today during cultural performances and festivals. Another distinct feature of the traditional Iban costume is the amount of silver pieces adorning the wearer.

 
 
 

ARTS & CRAFTS

 

Iban women are among the finest weavers of the Pua Kumbu, a textile twisted or ikat, tie-dyed and skillfully woven on the back strap loom. The technique is passed from generation to generation with many of the designs/patterns weaved from memory. An experienced weaver will need an inspirational dream to create a new design.

 
 

 

EVENTS & CELEBRATIONS

 

The Iban's traditionally cultivate rice as the main source of their staple. As such, the entire process of rice cultivation plays a key role in their way of life and their belief system. Although many Iban's today practice Christianity, they still adhere to age-old customs, beliefs and rituals. Among the festivals celebrated by this ethnic group are the Gawai Dayak (harvest festival), Gawai Kenyalang (hornbill festival) and Gawai Antu (festival of the dead).

 

Gawai Dayak features the conduct of a ceremonial offering, which is held in towns and longhouses. Offerings of various foodstuff and tuak or home-made rice wine are made to the gods of rice and prosperity. A poem then is recited by a poet, which is followed by the smearing of blood of a sacrificed cockerel over these offerings. Once the ceremonial offering is over, the traditional celebration of the Gawai begins. The community gathers around the ranyai or ceremonial tree at the common verandah of the longhouse. Celebrations centre around the ranyai with decorated foodstuff and drinks.

 

During the Gawai, the wearing of traditional costumes and a display of the Iban maiden?s silver jewellery are seen. The end of the Gawai is signified by the removal of the ceremonial tree.

 
 
 
 
PEOPLE / ETHNIC GROUP : Iban - Sea Dayak's
SARAWAK - EAST MALAYSIA / MALAYSIA BORNEO