Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
 
  Kedah Map
  Alor Setar Map (State Capital)
 
  Culture & Heritage
  Culinary & Wellness
 
  PLACES OF INTEREST :
 
  Alor Setar (State Capital)
 
  Fun & Leisure
  The Carnivall Waterpark
  Ulu Legong Hot Springs
  Pulau Payar Island / Marine Park
 
  Nature & Parks
  Recreation & Sports
  Nature Attractions
  Sungai Sedim River
 
  Historical & Heritage Sites
  Tourist Attraction
  Rumah Merdeka
  Lembah Bujang / Bujang Valley
 
 
 
  About Langkawi Island
  Travel Guide
  Getting To Langkawi
 
  Langkawi Map
 
  Langkawi Geopark
  The First In South East Asia
  Geological History
  Eco Tourism
  Kilim Geoforest Park
  Bat Cave / Gua Kelawar
  Mat Cincang Cambrian
  Datai Bay Beach
  Lake Of Pregnant Maiden
 
  Duty-free Shopping
  Dining & Entertainment
 
  International Events
  Yacht & Boating Destination
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
 
  Kuah Town
  Langkawi Cable Car
  Beach Holidays & Island Cruise
  Rich Island Culture
  Nature Attraction
  Must Visit Places
 
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
 
 
 
LANGKAWI : KEDAH - NORTHERN REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

LANGKAWI GEOPARK : Kilim Geoforest Park

 
 

GEOFOREST PARK

Kilim & The Northeast Langkawi - Their Wonders Of Nature

 

The northeast region of Langkawi which comprises of the three river basins of Kilim, Air Hangat and Kisap and the neighbouring islands of Langgun and Tanjung Dendang are spectacular in its beauty with the geological and landscape resources, the seas, the mudflats, beaches, the wetland mangrove and the unique fauna and flora that have coexisted in these ecosystems. The birds and the cave system found in this area have also contributed to the myths and legends of the Island. The name ?Langkawi? is said to have been derived from the Brahminy Kite bird which is the most dominant faunal species in the area. Gua Cerita or in English, Cave of Stories, which lies in the northern tip of the region, has many legends and beliefs associated with it - The giant bird Garuda, the epic fight between Rama and Rawana, Gedembai - a humanlike giant female creature with a power to curse anything into stone!

 
 

ROCK FORMATION

 

The rock formation of this region has many historical and tectonic significance. The Setul Formation rocks which dominate, are characterised by limestone and preserve a spectacular and relatively complete geological record of the Paleozoic history of our region4.

 

The pebbly mudstones of the Singa Formation that are also found in the Kilim area provide evidence of the early glaciations during the Carboniferrous and Early Permian periods. The Setul and Singa Formations are regarded as very old if not the oldest rock formation in the country extending to more than 260 to 540 million years.

 

Over the years the limestone hills that form the landscape of the area were eroded and weathered by the monsoon rain, the wind, the tropical heat and waves of the sea and these rocks have transformed into stunning formations and caves of various sizes and shapes.

 

Among the caves found in this area include Gua Tok Jangkit, Gua Teluk Dedap, Gua Cerita, Gua Teluk Udang, Gua Siam, Gua Buaya, Gua Tanjung Dendang, Gua Kelawar. It is suspected that hidden among the vegetation and rocks, more caves are yet to be discovered and explored.

 
 
 

ECOSYSTEMS

 

The ecosystems of the old limestone rock formation, the caves, the mudflats and the seas that surround it have three main vegetation: The mangroves, the vegetation of the limestone hills and the flora of the mudflats and beaches. The Kilim - Kisap - Air Hangat mangroves remain the most extensive wetland forests in the Island archipelago5. It is critical that whatever mangrove forests be conserved as the unique root system and physiology of the plant species are capable of preventing soil erosion and cleaning the water that are contaminated with metallic pollutants. The mangroves also serve as the breeding grounds to many species of fishes, prawns and other sea life.

 

The mangrove vegetation in this area is quite diverse and includes many important species that are fast disappearing from Malaysian mangroves elsewhere. Some of these species have medicinal properties with the potential to be developed for commercial purposes. The limestone hills of the area have a rich diversity of species. A few of these, because of their popularity as ornamental plants such as the cycads and orchids are excessively harvested and if not contained may threaten their existence. The limestone rocks also support many bryophytic flora, lichens and macrofungi.

 
 
 

DIVERSITIES OF SPECIES

 

Forty-five species of birds have so far been recorded for the area and this list includes ten migratory species5. The most prominent among the raptor species found along the sea coast and the rivers of the northeast region are the Brahminy Kite and while-bellied Sea-eagle. The two raptor species are, in fact, one of the attractions of the popular mangrove forest tour package on the island as it is not uncommon to have sixty or more birds circling and diving to get the chicken offal's in the water thrown by the guides. Bats are the other fauna prominent in the area. Three species were identified that roost in the well known Gua Kelawar. The limestone forests are also the home of myriads of small and tiny faunal species, of which the beetles have attracted special interest. Many species were collected from the forests of the Pulau Tanjung Dendang, Pulau Langgung and Gua Cerita and one of them is the smallest beetle in the world.

 

It was collected in Pulau Tanjung Dendang. Some of these beetle species are rare and some are yet to be identified. Corals in the area are located along the coastlines of Pulau Tanjung Dendang, Pulau Langgun and Gua Cerita. The species found are not as diverse as those on the island archipelagoes of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Soil disturbance on the islands brought about by development and the plastic waste material - bottles and bags etc that are carried by the sea current are depleting the coral reefs due to sedimentation, waste deposits and toxic materials. Other biodiversity which live on the mudflats, the beaches and the sea include mudskippers and phytoplankton.

 

A total of seven species of mudskippers were found and 129 species of marine and 55 of freshwater phytoplankton were reported to exist in the northeast region. Kilim and the northeast region of Langkawi are endowed with many wonders of nature, from the stunning beauty of the limestone rock formations, the seas and beaches, the cave systems to the wealth of its unique flora and fauna in both the land and marine ecosystems. However, this pristine natural wonders are already subjected to stresses brought about by excessive development, pollution, over collection of the vegetation, leachate from the landfill, uncontrolled feeding of marine birdlife, overfishing, excessive carrying capacity; settlement of communities within this delicate and sensitive ecosystem. This region, if not conserved and managed will have serious implications to the ecotourism industry that the authorities are vigorously propagating for the Langkawi Island. Efforts are being made to have this region declared as a national park.

 

The estuaries of the rivers of Kilim - Air Hangat - Kisap covered with mangrove forests are rich with fish and invertebrate diversity. Ninety- one species of fish were listed from these estuarine basins and an additional 50 that live in the open near shore waters. The invertebrate of the area include 31 species of crabs, prawns, mollusks and echinoderms. One of them, the box crab is newly discovered in the country and is only recently being described as a new species. Seaweed flora are the other marine diversity of interest in the region and the species are relatively diverse. Several species have potential commercial and pharmaceutical values. Seaweeds also form an important component of the sea as they are a source of food and provide the spawning ground for the diverse marine and fishery life. Dugongs and turtles feed on them. They are also an important component of the coral reefs and help to remove toxic materials from the water.

 
 
 
 
LANGKAWI GEOPARK : Kilim Geoforest Park
LANGKAWI : KEDAH - NORTHERN REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA