Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
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Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
 
  Kedah Map
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  Culture & Heritage
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  PLACES OF INTEREST :
 
  Alor Setar (State Capital)
 
  Fun & Leisure
  The Carnivall Waterpark
  Ulu Legong Hot Springs
  Pulau Payar Island / Marine Park
 
  Nature & Parks
  Recreation & Sports
  Nature Attractions
  Sungai Sedim River
 
  Historical & Heritage Sites
  Tourist Attraction
  Rumah Merdeka
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  About Langkawi Island
  Travel Guide
  Getting To Langkawi
 
  Langkawi Map
 
  Langkawi Geopark
  The First In South East Asia
  Geological History
  Eco Tourism
  Kilim Geoforest Park
  Bat Cave / Gua Kelawar
  Mat Cincang Cambrian
  Datai Bay Beach
  Lake Of Pregnant Maiden
 
  Duty-free Shopping
  Dining & Entertainment
 
  International Events
  Yacht & Boating Destination
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
 
  Kuah Town
  Langkawi Cable Car
  Beach Holidays & Island Cruise
  Rich Island Culture
  Nature Attraction
  Must Visit Places
 
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
 
 
 
LANGKAWI : KEDAH - NORTHERN REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

LANGKAWI GEOPARK : Geological History

 
 

The geological history of Langkawi archipelago is very interesting indeed.

 

It is in this small area that the oldest sedimentary rock unit of the country was deposited, the unit which also represents the oldest strata developed in the Southeast Asian region. The geological succession of Langkawi portrayed arguably the most complete Palaeozoic history in the region, beginning from the early Cambrian period or perhaps even older through the Permian to the Late Triassic period without any major break in record. Throughout this long geological history?, Langkawi has undergone various geological processes, dominated by continuous deposition of sediments within dynamically changing palaeoenvironment. As a result, various types of sedimentary rocks possessing various kinds of sedimentary structure and yielding various types of fossils were deposited at different time intervals.

 
 

The Mat Cincang Formation

Cambrian Period (505- 550m.y.)

 

The first depositional event took place during the Early Cambrian in a shallow marine deltaic and fluvio-marine environment on the periphery of Gondwanaland where large amount of sand was deposited for a period probably longer than 50 million years. This was the deposition of Machincang Formation, which was followed by a long period of marine transgression that allowed the deposition of the Setul limestone and its Lower Detrital Member during the Ordovician and Early Silurian time.

 
 

 

The Setul Formation

Ordovician to Middle Devonian Period (390-505m.y)

 

The upper part of the Setul Formation was deposited in a relatively shallow marine environment during the Late Silurian and Early Devonian During the Middle Devonian, there seems to be a short period of non-deposition probably resulted from a prolonged marine regression before the basal redbed of Singa Formation was deposited during the Late Devonian time.

 
 
 

The Singa Formation

Late Devonian to Early Permian Period (280-370m.y)

 

The first depositional event took place during the Early Cambrian in a shallow marine deltaic and fluvio-marine environment on the periphery of Gondwanaland where large amount of sand was deposited for a period probably longer than 50 million years. This was the deposition of Machincang Formation, which was followed by a long period of marine transgression that allowed the deposition of the Setul limestone and its Lower Detrital Member during the Ordovician and Early Silurian time.

 
 
 

The Chuping Formation

Middle to Late Permian Period (260-280m.y)

(The Mat Cincang Formation)

 

This northward movement and the global warming has led to the deposition of the Chuping limestone during the Middle Permian to possibly late Triassic time.

 
 
 

Gunung Raya Granite

Late Triassic Period (220m.y) Cambrian Period (505- 550m.y.)

 

This sedimentary sequence was later subjected to a major tectonic movement resulted in the fracturing, faulting and folding of the sedimentary strata. Meanwhile, the magmatic event was responsible in the emplacement of various granite bodies in Langkawi islands and in transforming sedimentary rocks into various types of metamorphic rocks. The tectonic movement and the granite intrusion subsequently brought the entire sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks of Langkawi to the surface during the Late Triassic time.

 
 
 

Langkawi Today

 

The exposed rocks then underwent continuous weathering, erosion and various other geological processes, etching and shaping them into the present unique geological landscape of Langkawi.

 
 
 

This article is courtesy of the Langkawi Geopark Working committee. It was included in Langkawi?s Application Dossier for membership to UNESCO Global Network of National Geoparks.

 
 
 
LANGKAWI GEOPARK : Geological History
LANGKAWI : KEDAH - NORTHERN REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA