Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / BORNEO MALAYSIA - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
 
  Sabah Map 1
  Sabah Map 2
   
  Eco Treasures
  Celebrations & Festivals
  Unique Ethnic Group
 
  PLACES OF INTEREST :
 
  Beach Holiday
  Island Holiday
  National Parks
  Tamu Sunday Market
  Golfing
 
  KOTA KINABALU (KK):
 
  General Info
 
  Tourist Attraction
  Aquarium & Marine Museum
  Handicraft Market
  Jesselton Point Waterfront
  Kipandi Butterfly Park
  Lok Kawi Wildlife Park
  Monsopiad Cultural Village
  Tunku Abdul Rahman Park
 
  BEAUFORT:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  KENINGAU:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Crocker Range National Park
 
  TENOM:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Agriculture Park
 
  KOTA BELUD:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Pulau Mantanani Island
  Tamu (Sunday Market)
 
  KUALA PENYU:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Pulau Tiga Park
 
  KUDAT:
 
  General Info
 
  Beautiful Beaches
  Island, Diving & Fishing
  Tanjung Simpang Mengayau
 
  Rungus Longhouse
  Honey Bee Village
  Gong Making
  Tamu Kudat
 
  KUNDASANG & RANAU:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Fish Massage
  Kundasang War Memorial
  Sabah Tea Garden
 
  Kinabalu Park
 
  General Info
  Flora & Fauna
  People Of Mount Kinabalu
  Poring Hot Springs
 
  Trails Of Wonder
  The Summit Trail
  The Mesilau Route
  Climbing To The Peak
  Via Ferrata
  Trails Map
 
  PAPAR:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  SIPITANG:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  TUARAN:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Crocodile Farm
 
  SANDAKAN:
 
  General Info
 
  Tourist Attraction
  Agnes Keith House
  Gomantong Cave
  Lower Kinabatangan River
  Rainforest Development Centre
  Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary
  Turtle Island Park
 
  LAHAD DATU:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Danum Valley
  Tabin Wildlife Reserve
 
  SEMPORNA:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  TAWAU:
 
  General Info & Tourist Attraction
 
  Bukit Gemok
  Tawau Hills Park
 
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / BORNEO MALAYSIA - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / BORNEO MALAYSIA - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
 
 
 
SABAH - EAST MALAYSIA / BORNEO MALAYSIA

KUNDASANG & RANAU : KINABALU PARK - Flora & Fauna

 
 

STUNNING

FLORA & FAUNA

Some flora boom even in the harsh weather conditions

near the summit

 

Kinabalu Park is Borneo?s botanical paradise. It is home to about 1,200 species of orchids, 26 species of rhododendrons, 9 species of Nepenthes pitcher plants, over 80 species of fig trees, over 60 species of oaks and chestnut trees. 100 species of mammals, 326 species of birds - the list goes on! The Park has continually attracted top naturalists and botanists From around the world and been proclaimed an area with the richest diversity of flora and fauna. Situated in Sabah on the northernmost part of the island of Borneo, Kinabalu Park?s main attraction ? Mount Kinabalu, is home to the most remarkable assemblage of flora in the world. It is the meeting place for plants of Himalayan and Chinese genera as well as of Australian, New Zealand and even American affinity. Many plant species here are found only in Borneo and many are endemic to the area.

 

In many ways, it ?creates? its own climate due to its isolation and the constant flux of cloud, wind, rain, cold and warmth from the forests below. Geologically, it is the world?s youngest, non-volcanic, major mountain. A U-shaped mountain, it is split into two by the spectacular Low?s Gully, which plunges vertically from 3,900m to 1,500m, forming two arms that make the western and eastern summit plateau.

 

Six major topographical features occur within the park ? peaks; plateaus; gullies, rivers, streams and waterfalls; hot springs; caves and granite slabs. The main peaks are the Low?s Peak (Summit), South Peak, St. John?s Peak, Ugly Sisters Peak and Donkey?s Ears. The mountain itself has long been regarded as sacred to the local KadazanDusun people, who consider its brooding peaks the resting place of the spirits of their departed ancestors. Till today, ceremonies are still being performed to appease the spirits of the ancestors, hence one of Sabah?s names ? Land of the Sacred Mountain.

 
 

FLORA

 

More than half of all the world?s flowering plants are said to exist in this park. A recent study revealed that Mount Kinabalu hosts as many as 6,000 species of flora, comprising over 200 families and 1,000 genera.

 

Within its area of 753km2, the park hosts numerous climatic zones that support an extraordinary range of habitats. In just 3km, the vegetation can change from lush tropical lowland forest to cool alpine meadow and everything else in between. Up to around 1,000m, the tropical rainforest predominates, with the main trees being of the dipterocarp family, which are mainly hardwoods and grow to 50m or more. The park has a great variety of wild fruit trees such as rambutan, mango, durian, figs and tarap. Many species of palm, ginger and bamboo are also common at the lower elevations: over 52 species of palms from 10 genera have been recorded here. Some 608 fern species have been described so far (more than those in the whole of Africa) in all the park?s climatic zones.

 

Both epiphytic and terrestrial orchids are found at all altitudes, and it is estimated that over 1,000 species in 120 genera exist in the park. The Rothchilds Slipper orchid, a superb specimen, has petals that can reach 12cm and is said to resemble the outstretched arms of the KadazanDusun people performing the Sumazau dance. Rafflesia, the world?s largest flower, is also found here. Three species have so far been discovered, rafflesia keithii, rafflesia pricei and rafflesia tengku-adlini. A parasitic plant, the Rafflesia spreads thread-like filaments inside the roots and stems of forest vines to absorb nutrients. Buds that look like drab cabbages develop on the vine and take about nine months to bloom. The flowers only live for three to four days, emitting an unpleasant odour that attracts insects for pollination. The rafflesia keithii flower can reach almost 1m in diameter. The lower montane forest, between 1,200m and 2,200m, consists primarily of temperate deciduous trees, with oak, chestnut, myrtle, laurel, eucalyptus and tea trees predominating.

 

There are more than 60 species of oak and chestnut.   The world?s largest pitcher plant can also be found in Kinabalu Park, The insect-eating Rajah Brooke?s Pitcher Plants have pitchers that can hold up to 3.5 liters of water! The tropical pitcher plant thrives on Mount Kinabalu. At least 10 out of the 30 or so species in Borneo are found mainly in its lower montane zone. The striking part of this plant is its colourful cup, which it uses to trap insects for food. Some of these cups can be very large. Spencer St. John, a government official who climbed Kinabalu in 1858, wrote that he found one so huge its pitcher held four liters of liquid and a dead rat. Above 2,200m, the trees are stunted and covered with mosses and liverwarts. In this upper montane zone up to around 3,200m, rhododendrons predominate, their red, pink, orange and white blooms adding colour to the mist-shrouded forests. At least half of the over 50 species of rhododendrons in Borneo are found within the park, with five or six species not existing anywhere else in the world.

 
 

Above the 3,200m mark, rhododendrons and conifers give way to alpine meadows supporting vegetation typical of the European alpine meadows such as buttercups, gentians, sedges and grasses. On the rocky summit plateau, only tiny mountain orchids and ferns grow where soils have accumulated in crevices or cracks.

 
 
 

FAUNA

 

This Wonderland Features some of the most amazing creations of nature. Since animals are not easily seen, patience is virtue - that you will be blessed with rare and captivating sights!

 

Most of Borneo?s mammals live in the lowlands around Kinabalu Park. The Sumatran rhinoceros and the Borneo wild cattle are still thought to exist within the park although there have been no recent sightings of them. The Asian wild elephant, recently reclassified as the Borneo pygmy elephant, is not known to exist here, however, but many other large Bornean mammals such as the orangutan have been sighted at elevations of up to 1,400m. Other primates, langurs, monkeys, gibbons, tarsiers and the slow loris have all been seen in the park. Other large animals include the rare clouded leopard, bearded pig, sun bear and three species of deer - the large sambar deer, the smaller barking deer and the tiny mouse deer. Smaller mammals include tree shrews, squirrels (including tree, ground and flying), pangolins, porcupines, palm civets, rats, mice and bats (including the flying fox).

 

A few species of insectivores, of which the moon rat is most well known, also inhabit the park. A stroll past the road-side lamps at the Park Headquarter on dark wet nights or at dawn will reveal moths, beetles and other insects in all shapes, sizes and colours. Some are camouflaged in delicate mossy greens and greys, while others flaunt bright contrasting colours or red, black and white. There are ?twigs? that walk and ?leaves? that fly! Look closer and you?ll find that they are actually insects. This abundance of insects and plants play a big hand in supporting a thriving bird population. Over 300 species have been recorded in the Park. There is the Grey Drongo with white eye-ring and forked tail, and the heavy, long-tailed Malaysian Treepie are two of the commonest at the Park Hq. Higher up, you will find the small green Mountain Blackeyes and the larger red-breasted Mountain Blackbirds.

 

Around 330 species of bird including hornbills, eagles, black and red mountain blackbirds, dark olive black eyes, Sunda bush-warblers and short-tailed bush warblers have been sighted within the park. Partridge, kingfishers, thrushes and the Kinabalu serpent eagle are often spotted along the trails. There are more than 60 species of frogs and toads, over 200 species of butterflies and more than 120 species of moths here. Forty fish species representing nine families are also known to exist in Kinabalu Park and it has more species of stick insects, beetles, moths and butterflies than just about anywhere else on earth. It is also home to the rare flying squirrel, the even rarer flying lemur, flying snakes, flying lizards as well as uncountable species of insects.

 
 
 
KUNDASANG & RANAU : KINABALU PARK - Flora & Fauna
SABAH - EAST MALAYSIA / BORNEO MALAYSIA