Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
  Sarawak Tourism
  Getting There & Around
 
  Sarawak Map 1
  Sarawak Map 2
 
  PEOPLE & ETHNIC GROUP:
 
  General Info
  Bidayuh (Land Dayak's)
  Iban (Sea Dayak's)
  Melanau
  Orang Ulu
 
  Iban Longhouse Visit
 
  ARTS & CRAFTS:
  General Info
  Pua Kumbu, Pua Sungkit & Pua Karap
   
  Eating Out, Nightlife & Local Delicacy
 
  PLACES OF INTEREST :
 
  Adventure Nature & Wildlife
  National Parks & Wildlife Conservation
   
  KUCHING (STATE CAPITAL):
 
  General Info
  Bus Service / Transportation
  Map
 
  History & People
  Dining & Entertainment
  Nightlife
  Shopping
 
  Recreation & Sports
  Spa Retreats
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  City Centre
  Kuching On Foot
  Heritage Trails
  Historical Buildings
  Museums
  Handicrafts
  Street Life
 
  Nature & National Parks
  Bako National Park
  Batang Ai National Park
  Gunung Gading National Park
  Kubah National Park
  Kuching Wetlands National park
  Matang Wildlife Centre
  Semenggoh Nature Reserve
  Talang Satang National Park
  Tanjung Datu National Park
 
  Santubong & Damai Beach
  General Info
  Irrawady Dolphin
  Sarawak Cultural Village
 
  Kuching Southwest
  Tourist Destination
  Teluk Melano & Sematan
 
  Sibu
  General Info
  Dining & Entertainment
  Shopping & Accommodation
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  City Centre
  Bawang Assan Iban Longhouse
 
  Melanau's Heartland:
  Mukah Town
  Dalat Town
 
  Up Rejang River:
  General Info
  Kanowit, Song & Belaga
  Kapit
 
  Down Rejang River:
  General Info
 
  Miri
  General Info
  City Map
  In & Around Miri Map
 
  Lifestyle & Nightlife
  Shopping
 
  TOURIST ATTRACTION
  Must Visit Places
  Bario & Ba?kelalan
 
  Gunung Mulu National Park
  Lambir Hills National Park
  Loagan Bunut National Park
  Niah National Park
  Similajau National Park
 
 
 
 
SARAWAK - EAST MALAYSIA / MALAYSIA BORNEO
ARTS & CRAFTS : Pua Kumbu, Pua Sungkit & Pua Karap
 
 

PUA KUMBU - Aweaver's Sacred Affair

Sarawak is famous for its unique hand-woven textile known as "Pua Kumbu".

 

Legend has it that about 24 generations ago, Singalang Burong, the God of War, taught his grandson, Surong Gunting, how to use the most sacred of all the pua, the Lebur Api, at the end of a war. The heads of their fallen enemies were received ceremonially on this cloth, which had been dyed a deep red colour. This pua was woven at Batu Gelong, the longhouse which was home to the goddesses of weaving, namely Kumang, Indai Abang, and Lullong. Today, the lifestyle and beliefs of the Iban community are still closely linked to the pua kumbu. Young girls are taught the art of weaving by their mothers and grandmothers. Iban rituals and ceremonies are incomplete without using the sacred cloth for births, marriages, death, fertility or even the planting of rice.

 

The pua kumbu is also used during important celebrations such as Gawai and soul-searching ceremonies as it is believed to be a means of communication between the worlds of the living and the dead. To the Iban's, communications between these two worlds are vital, especially for a tribe that reveres its ancestors and spirits. Their world is one where past ancestors wander about, spirits linger and ancient mythical gods still rule. The weavers icy out a woven graphic design of the Iban animistic beliefs, the spiritual realm and the ?world view? of life such as trees, animals, insects, jungle life, natural and supernatural life.

 

It is said that the more powerful and intricate the design, the closer it brings the weavers to the spiritual world. Subsequently, the more powerful the design, the greater is the danger to the weavers. Prayers are recited before the start of every process to safeguard the weavers from harm or sickness they may sustain during the making of the pua kumbu. The weavers usually have a mystical experience when it comes to designing the patterns for the pua. Therefore, the making of the pua kumbu is considered a religious and spiritual journey and the sacredness of the process is highly regarded in the Iban community.

 
 

Weaving is also a means of elevating the status of Iban women. A woman, depending on the use of dye, design and skill, will fit into a certain rank within the community. In order to be a master weaver, a woman has to move up the rank by tackling a more intricate challenge. A good pua kumbu is not only a demonstration of the weavers relative success in terms of knowledge and expertise but also shows the state of her inner self. Basically, the pua kumbu consists of two pieces of cloth joined in the centre. This is done usually by lacing a stitch.

 

The web threads, which have been tied together in the dyeing process, possess the same but reversed patterns, so that two halves complete it when the central joining is made. The pua kumbu has come a long way since its magical and mythical beginnings. This beautiful textile is often seen at major fashion shows regionally and internationally. A true taste of Sarawak, the pua kumbu has stood steadfastly and proudly in the face of modernization. The Iban Pua is only one of the many things you can fill your shopping bags with. It is a textile delicately woven with intricate designs, which can be used as apparel as well as home decor.

 

Make handicraft shopping a must in your ?to do list? if you?re in Sarawak. The Land of the Hornbills offers an exotic selection of crafts, courtesy of the state?s unique culture formed by its numerous ethnic tribes.

 
 
 
PUA SUNGKIT
 

In the Iban Pua series, only Pua Kumbu and Pua Karap are still available in the market where Pua Kumbu is most common. Pua Sungkit is unavailable due to the tedious process involved. In fact, the function of Pua Sungkit in Iban Culture is exactly the same as Pua Kumbu, the only difference being the weaving technique and process. Most Pua Sungkit are smaller in size and made into high-value items like the costumes worn by dancers of higher calibre during special occasions.

 
 
 
PUA KARAP
 

Pua Karap is another kind of pua equally important in the Iban community. In traditional ban costume, the Pua Karap makes up most of the attire. Although sometimes the skirt is made of Pua Kumbu or Pua Sungkit, Pua Karap is the preferred choice as its refined weaving technique adds texture to the Ngajat performances.

 
 
 
 
ARTS & CRAFTS : Pua Kumbu, Pua Sungkit & Pua Karap
SARAWAK - EAST MALAYSIA / MALAYSIA BORNEO