Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
  Getting There
  Getting Around
 
  Terengganu Map 1
  Terengganu Map 2
  Kuala Terengganu Map
 
  Visit Terengganu
  Discover Terengganu
  The Ultimate Destination
 
  Unique Homestays
  Local Delicacy
 
ARTS & CULTURE
  Traditional Games & Pastimes
  Traditional Music & Dance
   
HISTORY & HERITAGE
  Terengganu History
  The 19th Century
  The 20th Century
  The Age Of Commerce
 
  The Inscribed Stone
 
  Traditional Boat Building
  Malay Exotic Wooden
  Royal Treasures
  The Chinese Village
  Others
   
HANDICRAFTS
  Malay Handicrafts
  Batik, Songket & Silk
  Brassware & Wood Carving
  Mengkuang & Pandanus Weaving
  Keris (Blade) Making
  Rattan & Bamboo Product
  Traditional Wau / Kite Making
   
PLACES OF INTEREST
 
  Must Visit Places
 
ISLANDS HOLIDAYS
  Islands Of Terengganu
  Pulau Perhentian Island
  Pulau Lang Tengah Island
  Pulau Redang Island
  Pulau Bidong Island
  Pulau Kapas & Gemia Island
  Pulau Tenggol Island
 
  Beach Holidays
  Recreational Forest
 
TASIK KENYIR (LAKE)
  General Info
  Herbs Park & Kelah Sanctuary
  Adventure Nature
  Tanjong Mentong (Taman Negara)
  Houseboat Holidays
 
  Getting There
  Map
   
KUALA TERENGGANU
  Around The City
  Islamic Civilization Park
  Batu Burok Beach
  Chendering
  The Museum
  Sungai Terengganu River Cruise
   
MARANG
  Overview
   
DUNGUN
  Overview
  Chemerong Waterfall
  Rantau Abang (Turtle Nesting)
   
KEMAMAN
  Overview
   
HULU TERENGGANU
  Overview
  Ajil Pheasant Park
  Berang River Safari
  Sekayu Waterfall (Must Visit)
   
SETIU
  Overview
   
KUALA BESUT
  Overview
  Lata Belatan Recreational Forest
  Lata Berangin & La Hot Springs
  Lata Tembakah Waterfall
 
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
 
 
 
TERENGGANU - EAST COAST REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
HISTORY & HERITAGE - Terengganu InThe 19th Century
 
 
  1. The first series of Terengganu stamps, introduced gradually between 1910 and 1919, portrayed Sultan Zainal Abidin. (Terengganu, 10 cents).

  2. Terengganu broke new ground with a series of three stamps celebrating the 25th anniversary of the installation of Tuanku Isrnail Nasiruddin Shah. (Terengganu, 50 cents).

The first Terengganu Stamp between 1910 - 1919

 

In general, the 19th century did not augur well for Terengganu although for three decades after the demise of Sultan Mansur, there was no internal problem. The situation changed when Sultan Ahmad, the 5th ruler, passed away in 1826. From then until 1839, the situation was politically unstable. Siblings and nephews were involved in attempts to oust one another. Tengku Omar (the son of Sultan Ahmad) had to flee from Kuala Terengganu in 1831 but eventually achieved a decisive victory and ruled Terengganu until 1876. He is better known in history as Baginda Omar. Baginda Omar introduced a number of changes to the political system. He took away the power formerly entrusted to titular District Headmen, all commoners and appointed instead members of the royal dynasty. In the outlying districts, the titular District Headmen were replaced by penghulu (headmen) who were directly responsible to him. The result was a highly centralized form of administration, unusual in traditional Malay society.

 

Political uncertainty between 1826 and 1839 did adversely affect Kuala Terengganu as a commercial centre. But the Chinese population was still large enough for M. Medhurst to visit the place in 1828 to spread Christianity among them. The women and children, according to Medhurst, "keep very much to themselves, and mix less with the Malays than in other places."   Moreover, "The Chinese females in Terengganu double the number of the males and the children are more numerous still". There was evidence that in Terengganu, religion received ample attention from the ruling elite. Med Hurst not only discussed religion with the ruler (Sultan Abdul Rahman), but also found that the latter had a Malay translation of the Bible. G.W.Earl, a man of many talents, was in Kuala Terengganu in 1833 and found that it was still exporting "gold-dust, pepper, rattans, and hides, ... in considerable quantities."

 

Fishing was the major occupation among the Malays but rice was not cultivated. Part of the Chinese population had left owing to political uncertainties. However, Earl found a sizeable Arab community in Kuala Terengganu who played an important role in spreading Islam. A family held in awe by the local residents was the AI-1drus (referred to as the Tok Ku) family. Many members of the family held important positions in the administration.

 
 

Terengganu's leading Malays meet with the British Adviser 1. L. Humphreys (seated fourth from the left) for a 'Peace Celebration' at Padang Raya Bunya.

 

Terengganu's leading Malays meet with the British Adviser 1. L. Humphreys (seated fourth from the left) for a 'Peace Celebration' at Padang Raya Bunya, Kuala Terengganu, on 4 August 1919.

 

Munshi Abdullah who visited Kuala Terengganu in 1838 testified that Terengganu's exports had increased in variety; they comprised "gold, tin, coffee, pepper, betel nut, silk cloth and fine sarongs interwoven with gold and silver thread, and minor products such as rattan, damar and buffalo ghee. The main imports were opium, thread and European cloth". Until the 1830s, the economy of the eastern Peninsular states rivaled those on the west coast. The expansion of tin mining activities witnessed the accelerated development of the western states and with the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the Straits of Melaka became the indispensable link between Europe and East Asia. With the establishment of British administration in the western states in the mid1870s, Terengganu and the eastern Peninsular states were left far behind.

 

A.M.Skinner's, A Geography of the Malay Peninsula (1884) said that nearly the whole of Terengganu "is one continuous jungle, with less development either of its minerals or its commerce, than perhaps any other of the Malay States".   Weaving was exclusively by women. Agriculture too was an important activity. The products were rice, coconuts, sugar cane, fruit trees, gambir and vegetables. Skeat (1899) was particularly impressed with Kuala Terengganu. The shops, he noticed, "were well supplied with bread, light beers, soda, cheroots and similar European wares ... * " He went so far as to remark that "Terengganu... showed more European influence than the other Malay states." Laidlaw, however, was not impressed. He felt that Kota Bharu was more attractive and prosperous. Terengganu was, he said, ineffectively governed - "All manner of crime was rampant."

 
 
 
HISTORY & HERITAGE - Terengganu In The 19th Century
TERENGGANU - EAST COAST REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA