Malaysia My Destination : Info about Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kuala Lumpur : Malaysia Capital - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Putrajaya : Federal Territory - Malaysia
Selangor : Central Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Terengganu : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
  Welcome
  Getting There
  Getting Around
 
  Terengganu Map 1
  Terengganu Map 2
  Kuala Terengganu Map
 
  Visit Terengganu
  Discover Terengganu
  The Ultimate Destination
 
  Unique Homestays
  Local Delicacy
 
ARTS & CULTURE
  Traditional Games & Pastimes
  Traditional Music & Dance
   
HISTORY & HERITAGE
  Terengganu History
  The 19th Century
  The 20th Century
  The Age Of Commerce
 
  The Inscribed Stone
 
  Traditional Boat Building
  Malay Exotic Wooden
  Royal Treasures
  The Chinese Village
  Others
   
HANDICRAFTS
  Malay Handicrafts
  Batik, Songket & Silk
  Brassware & Wood Carving
  Mengkuang & Pandanus Weaving
  Keris (Blade) Making
  Rattan & Bamboo Product
  Traditional Wau / Kite Making
   
PLACES OF INTEREST
 
  Must Visit Places
 
ISLANDS HOLIDAYS
  Islands Of Terengganu
  Pulau Perhentian Island
  Pulau Lang Tengah Island
  Pulau Redang Island
  Pulau Bidong Island
  Pulau Kapas & Gemia Island
  Pulau Tenggol Island
 
  Beach Holidays
  Recreational Forest
 
TASIK KENYIR (LAKE)
  General Info
  Herbs Park & Kelah Sanctuary
  Adventure Nature
  Tanjong Mentong (Taman Negara)
  Houseboat Holidays
 
  Getting There
  Map
   
KUALA TERENGGANU
  Around The City
  Islamic Civilization Park
  Batu Burok Beach
  Chendering
  The Museum
  Sungai Terengganu River Cruise
   
MARANG
  Overview
   
DUNGUN
  Overview
  Chemerong Waterfall
  Rantau Abang (Turtle Nesting)
   
KEMAMAN
  Overview
   
HULU TERENGGANU
  Overview
  Ajil Pheasant Park
  Berang River Safari
  Sekayu Waterfall (Must Visit)
   
SETIU
  Overview
   
KUALA BESUT
  Overview
  Lata Belatan Recreational Forest
  Lata Berangin & La Hot Springs
  Lata Tembakah Waterfall
 
Kelantan : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Pahang : East Coast Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Johor / Johore : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Malacca / Melaka : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Negeri Sembilan / The Nine State : Southern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Kedah (Langkawi) : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Penang / Pulau Pinang : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perak : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Perlis : Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
Sabah : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Labuan (Federal Territory) : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
Sarawak : East Malaysia / Malaysian Borneo - Tourist Attraction and Destination Guide
 
 
 
 
TERENGGANU - EAST COAST REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
HISTORY & HERITAGE - Terengganu InThe 20th Century
 
 

In general, Terengganu appears to have recovered economically during the reign of Sultan Zainal Abidin III (1881-1918). Yet according to contemporary reports, Sultan Zainal Abidin Ill was weak and ineffective. He was said to be too religious. In Nov. 1911, following the example of Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor, Sultan Zainal Abidin provided the state with a written Constitution which declared Terengganu to be an Islamic state.

 

By then Terengganu's political status was in a state of flux. Britain had already entered into a treaty with Siam in 1909 which placed Perlis, Kelantan, Kedah and Terengganu under British political control though Terengganu managed to resist temporarily the appointment of a British Adviser. But the inevitable occurred in 1919, one year after the death of Sultan Zainal Abidin III.

 

British administration, especially land laws, proved to be traumatic for the Terengganu ulama (clerics) as well as members of the royalty who were used to being the privileged class and having control over land. Frictions between them and the enforcement officers led eventually to the outbreak of disturbances in 1928 led by an ulama (Abdul Rahman Limbong).

Sultan Zainal Abidin III of Terengganu, 1900

Sultan Zainal Abidin III of Terengganu, c. 1900

 

The British had no problem suppressing those who were defiant. Terengganu was nevertheless left behind in several respects in the early 1930s. It did not enjoy modern medical facilities. There was no government English school until after World War II. The cast coast railway which linked Gemas with Tumpat (Kelantan) as well as Siam by-passed Terengganu. Unlike Kelantan where Malay publications proliferated, Terengganu could not sustain any for long. But Terengganu at this juncture emerged as the leading iron mining state in the Peninsula. Japanese capital which had made Johor the centre of iron mining in the country after World War 1 shifted to Terengganu and Kelantan by the early 1930s. By 1938 the Bukit Besi mine in Terengganu, owned by the Nippon Mining Co., was the biggest iron mine in Malaya.

 
 

Kuala Terengganu's leading citizens with staff of the Nippon Mining Company, Dungun, walking to the Customs Office during the Silver Jubilee celebration, 1935.

Kuala Terengganu's leading citizens with staff of the Nippon Mining Company, Dungun

 

Japan's decision to go to war against the Allied Powers in late 1941 had immediate repercussions on Malaya, Sarawak and Sabah all of which were occupied by early 1942. The Occupation lasted until early September 1945 when the British returned. It was a period of hardship owing to dislocation in international trade and the prevalence of lawlessness. Terengganu was one of the states where rice smuggling was rampant. By the middle of 1943, Japan realized that it was likely to lose the war and began to lay down plans for obstructing the return of the British to Malaya.

 

The northern Malay states (Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu) were once more placed under the administrative control of Thailand while the rest of the Malay states were amalgamated with Sumatra. When the British returned to Malaya, they found strong anti-British feelings among the Malays. In Terengganu, there were groups opposed to the British during the period of the British Military Administration, and when the Malayan Union was introduced on 1 April 1946, these groups rallied to Dato' Onn Jaafar's call for widespread protest against the Union.

 

After World War II, Terengganu remained for many years one of the remote states where little economic development took place. Until 1957, travel by road to Terengganu required the crossing of a number of rivers yet to be bridged. But its fortunes turned around in the early 1970s when oil was discovered offshore. The development of infrastructure is one of the more visible features of modernization. Terengganu has also developed into a popular centre for tourists, especially those interested in scuba diving and other forms of sea sports at Pulau Redang and Pulau Perhentian.

 
 
 
HISTORY & HERITAGE - Terengganu InThe 20th Century
TERENGGANU - EAST COAST REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA