Taman Negara

Taman Negara - Malaysia National Parks

There are Four Access Points into Taman Negara – Kuala Tahan and Sungai Relau in Pahang, Kuala Koh in Kelantan and Tanjong Mentong at Tasik Kenyir in Terengganu.


OverviewKuala TahanSungai RelauKuala KohTanjung Mentong


Taman Negara. Two words in Malay language, the national language of Malaysia, which conjure images of a giant green garden filled with exotic flowers and creatures, The word “taman” means both park and garden in Malay while “negara” means nation – together they translate simply as “National Park”. Even though there are certainly many other national parks elsewhere in Malaysia, Taman Negara remains the patriarch of them all with the pedigree to back it up. As the first and oldest official Protected Area in the country, Taman Negara was otginal1y called King George V National Park. Declared in 1938 by the Sultans of 3 states Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu upon King Georges Silver Jubilee and to preserve the land?s indigenous nature in perpetuity, It was gazette separately by each state?s Enactments in 1938 – 1939. The park was renamed Taman Negara after the nation gained independence in 1957. Taman Negara is the largest of all Protected Areas in Peninsular Malaysia with 4,343 sq km. The Pahang section of the park is the largest at 2,477 sq km, followed by Kelantan’s portion at 1,043 sq km and Terengganu’s at 853 sq km.

The Peninsula’s highest peak, Gunung Tahan at 2,187 m rises in the Pahang sector of the park. Taman Negara is indeed one of the oldest rainforests in the entire world, estimated at 130 million years old, The abundance and diversity of nature is phenomenal in Taman Negara, one of the world?s most complex and rich ecosystems. A veritable treasure of the planet, it is to be saved for priority.

Managed by Jabatan PERHIILITAN (Department of Wildlife and National Parks), Taman Negara’s future is secure, with stated objectives as follows:

  • To protect and conserve the flora and fauna in Taman Negara and to maintain the tropical rainforest ecosystem.
  • To propagate species of flora and fauna.
  • To manage Taman Negara as a sustainable recreational area.
  • To conserve all objects and places of historical, aesthetic or scientific interest.
  • To provide a natural lab for research on species and habitat found in the tropical rainforest for management purposes.



Tips For Trips & Thrills - Taman Negara
Kempayang Besar Cave

A range of exciting activities await the intrepid visitor to Taman Negara. Not all the four park entry points offer the same activities, and each has its own unique features.

Shooting the rapids is a must for all thrill seekers. White water rafting sites include upstream Sungai Tembeling from Kuala Tahan; experience an hour of raw water power as you and your boat mates negotiate seven sets of rapids. Alternatively go for traditional bamboo rafting from Kuala Pertang to Kuala Koh. Kayaking can also be done. For more leisurely activities, swimming at all entryways is safe at designated spots that are so pristine you never want to leave the water. Otherwise picnic trips to gushing waterfalls such as Lata Berkoh upstream from Kuala Tahan offer another way to commune with nature.

Fishing and Angling
A true anglers paradise, the park’s rivers sport popular species such as kelisa (arowana), toman (snakehead), sebarau and the prized kelah (Malayan mahseer). Many of the local species are large and aggressive, providing a great challenge for fishing enthusiasts. Note that some areas have forbidden zones where fish sanctuaries are located.

Bird Watching
With about 350 species of birds in the whole Park including Drongos, Malkohas and the pied Hornbill, Taman Negara is naturally one of the prime birding spots in the region.

Spelunking or Caving
With so many unspoilt caves to be explored, Taman Negara is a spelunker’s limestone forest haven. Gua is the word for cave in Malay, and most have spectacular rock formations and a great variety of flora and fauna to be discovered. Some caves even have valuable prehistoric finds, and many caves are still subject to archaeological study, Take part in this speleological discovery.



Jungle Trekking At Taman Negara

Jungle Trekking
Trekking is the most popular activity as it is simple and for everyone to choose how strenuous: they wish it to he. Nothing beats a closer look at all the different species of flora that can he found in this jungle paradise, and perhaps some big fauna here and there. Having a guide is best to help you uncover the secrets of the forest, especially for night trekking to see nocturnal jungle life.

Canopy Walkway
One destination for your trekking would he the park’s canopy walkways to get a bird’s eye view of the world’s oldest rainforest. These have been built at Kuala Tahan and also at Kuala Koh. By the way, Kuala Tahan’s canopy walkway is the longest in the world at almost 1/2 a kilometre in length and should not he missed.

Observation Hides
If your trails and treks have still not shown you any wild animals, don’t despair: Tropical fauna, even large predators, are by nature fairy shy and prefer to be hidden. This is why various bumbun or jungle hides have been built near wildlife frequented salt licks. These are simple high sheds with basic amenities such as a toilet and a place to sleep, from where you can wait overnight for animals to come by.



Climbing Up To The Peak Of Gunung Tahan
The peak view Of Gunung Tahan

Mountain Climbing
If climbing up mountain tops is your cup of tea, Taman Negara is the place to be. The park hosts Gunung Tahan, which at at least the highest peak in the southernmost part of the Asian continent. The challenging summit can be reached by trekking, river fording and climbing over 3 to 4 days; this depends from either Sungai Relau (closest point). Kuala Tahan, or Kuala Koh (most challenging route) at more than a week round trip. Taman Negara other entry point of Tanjung Mentong at Tasik Kenyir is the trudging off point to another of the parks popular climbs. Gunung Gagau at 1,376m. A local guide is required for any mountain climbing expedition in Taman Negara.



Map Of Taman Negara

Kuala Tahan, Pahang - Access Point To Taman Negara


The Kuala Tahan entry point, either by scenic boat ride via Sungai Tembeling river or driving up the rural road to Kuala Tahan village, is the nearest route from Kuala Lumpur and generally the most popular. This entryway has the most number and choice of accommodation and food, as well as all types of recreational activities and facilities.



Jungle Trekking & Canopy Walkway
Canopy Walkway

Jungle Trekking and Canopy Walkway
See Taman Negara from the largest canopy walkway in the world spanning 450m, suspended 40rn above ground. Maybe not for the faint-hearted!

Bumbun (Observation Hides)
Tropical wildlife are by nature shy and camouflaged, and not easily sighted just by jungle trekking. Stay quietly overnight at hides and get a better opportunity to observe wildlife visiting the mineral salt licks nearby.

Orang Asli Aboriginal Settlement
Visit the friendly native inhabitants, the Batek, and watch their fascinating blowpipe and fire-making skills which are essential to their lifestyle.

Cave Exploration
Explore the unspoilt limestone forest comprising some of the most beautiful stalactite and stalagmite adorned caves such as Gua Telinga, Gua Peningat, Gua Kepayang, Gua Daun Menari and Gua Besar.

River and Waterfall Exploration
A boat trip up Sungai Tembeling is one of the most exciting activities. Encounter numerous rapids and get splashed along the way. Take a ride to the popular Lata Berkoh waterfalls, a great picnic and swimming area surrounded by inspiring natural landscapes.

Check out the cool fishing spots at Sungai Tahan and Sungai Keniam.

Bird Watching
Its bird watching galore with 54 percent of the 650 species of known birds of Malaysia found in Taman Negara.

Climb Gunung Tahan
The highest peak in Peninsular Malaysia takes at least 7 days to scale from Kuala Tahan with its steep slopes, and conquering the tricky rivers to get there is part of the adventure.



Boat Ride To Taman Negara

Each visitor must obtain an entrance permit at RM1 per person. A fishing license costs RM10 while a camera license is RM5 per camera.



Mutiara Taman Negara Resort
Mutiara Taman Negara Resort

Kuala Tahan village just across Sungai Tahan located just outside the park has several local homegrown resorts, consisting of chalets, hostels, suites and some bungalows. Camping are also available. The more luxurious Mutiara Taman Negara Resort is situated by the river within the park’s boundary. Seminars and corporate functions incorporating nature activities can be held here.


The nearest major town is Jerantut, Pahang The journey from Kuala Lumpur or Kuantan by car or public transport takes about 3 hours. From Jerantut, visitors can either take a bus or taxi to the Kuala Tembeling jetty 16km from Jerantut, for the boat ride. Visitors can also take the night train, which stops at the Kuala Tembeling Halt. From Kuala Tembeling Jetty, the boat trip is about 3 hours upriver to reach Kuala Tahan. The boat fare is RM22 per person. Boats leave at 9am and 2pm daily…

For more information, contact:
Department of Wildlife and National Parks
Km 10, Jalan Cheras, 56100, Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 603-9075 2872
Fax: 603 9075 2873

Tapir spotted at night walk and safari at Taman Negara
Tapir spotted at night walk and safari at Taman Negara


The Sungai Relau entry point, of which Merapoh is the nearest small town, is marked by limestone hills with a number of caves. This point is the closest and easiest to conquer Gunung Tahan. Also note that fishing is forbidden here as it is a fish-breeding sanctuary; instead you feed the fish and call them to meals by a unique method.



Kelah Sanctuary - Taman Negara
Kelah Sanctuary

Climb Gunung Tahan
One main activity here is the climb to Gunung Tahan, which takes about 3 days and from less than the 7 days via Kuala Tahan or more from Kuala Koh.

Night Walk and Night Safari
Both activities involve guided excursions at night with flash lights, as most animals are more active during the dark. While one is jus trek-walking, the other involves a 4WD ride further a field. Potentially seen are the wildcat, fox, wild boar, slow loris and others.

Cave Exploration
Two interesting caves near here can he explored. Gua Gajah about 5.5 km away is named after the elephants that are often seen in the area. Gua Peningat about 8.8 km away is a honey bee sanctuary.

River Activities
The clear and refreshingly cool river water here is ideal for swimming.

This is a designated fish sanctuary area, especially for kelah species, so fishing is prohibited. A popular activity here is to watch the freshwater fish up close in their natural habitat and to feed them – most amazingly they can be summoned by ringing a bell!

Bird Watching
Early morning and evening are the best times to see local birds in the Sungai Relau area, with more than 300 species previously identified.


Each visitor must obtain an entrance permit at RM1 per person. A fishing license costs RM10 while a camera license is RM5 per camera.



Camping at Gunung Tahan - Taman Negara
Camping at Gunung Tahan

Besides a 40-bed hostel, 13-room rest house and camping facilities in Sungai Relau, there is a 60-bed hostel in Sungai juram (RM10 per person /night There are also camping grounds that can accommodate 50 campers at any one time at RM1 per person /night. The 4WD transportation from Sungai Relau to the hostel in Sungai Juram costs RM50 per person for a single journey.



Visitors can either drive or take the public transport, passing through the towns of Kuala Lipis or Gua Musang along the Kuala Lumpur – Kota Bharu main road. Those taking the train disembark at Merapoh Station.

Kuala Koh - Taman Negara


The entrance to the Kelantan side of Taman Negara is said to have the best potential for wildlife sighting, maybe due to the denser undisturbed jungle. Kuala Koh is also a historic area where Mat Kilau, a Malay warrior who fought against British occupation, lived in and launched his resistance efforts.



Kuala Koh Facilities

Bird Watching
Some of the rarer dense jungle birds are among the over 200 species seen here. Experienced bird watchers have been known to spot more than 150 species within a few days.

Wildlife Photography
Again due to the dense unspoilt jungle and undulating terrain, this area may afford more opportunity as a photographer?s paradise. Explore the limitless possibilities with a variety of flora and fauna.

Bumbun (Observation Hides)
An overnight stay at the Bumbun Impian high hide, about 30 minutes hike from Kuala Koh, may reward you with views of the shy tropical wildlife visiting the salt licks nearby.

There are some great fishing spots here. However, take note that in certain rivers fishing is prohibited, as these rivers are designated breeding grounds for local species of fish.

Orang Asli Aboriginal Settlement
Visit the friendly native inhabitants, the Batek and let them regale you with ancient jungle tales as they demonstrate their fascinating blow-pipe and fire-making skills.

Climb Gunung Tahan
The trail to Gunung Tahan from Kuala Koh offers all alternative route to the Kuala Tahan and Merapoh-Sungai Relau trails. The Kuala Koh trail is more challenging and rigorous, as climbers have to go through steep ridges. Guides are available.

Suspended Bridge, Canopy Walkway and the Ara Circle
Several interesting jungle trails are available. One of them is located across the river, where visitors make their way via a suspended bridge and on to a canopy walkway. A highlight not to be missed is an aged circle of giant ara (Ficus spp.) roots that you can walk in and under, giving a magical feel. There is also a newly-discovered rare Rafflesia trail.

Kayaking or Rafting
The crystal-clear rivers around Kuala Koh provide the perfect spots for kayaking, or bamboo rafting from Kuala Pertang to Kuala Koh. The flip takes about 2 hours.


Each visitor must obtain an entrance permit at RM1 per person. A fishing license costs RM10 while a camera license is RM5 per camera.



Accommodation at Kuala Koh - Taman Negara
Kuala Koh Chalet

There are 6 chalets and a 74-bed hostel. Rates are RM30 for a chalet and RM5 per person for the hostel. Campers are charged RM1 each. All price subject to change.



Getting To Kuala Koh - Taman Negara

Visitors can either drive or take the public transport to Kuala Koh from Gua Musang in Kelantan. There is a road connecting this park entrance to the Gua Musang – Kuala Krai main road.

For more information, contact:
Department of Wildlife and National Parks Jajahan Gua Musang,
Wisma Persekutuan, 18300 Gua Musang, Kelantan.
Tel: 609 912 2940

Tanjung Mentong, Tasik Kenyir - Taman Negara



Entrance from Tanjung Mentong at Tasik Kenyir Lake in Terengganu into Taman Negara is quite different from the rest as it passes through Tasik Kenyir, Southeast Asia’s largest man-made lake at 260,000 hectares and a nature recreation area in itself. A southern arm of the lake lies within Taman Negara containing some interesting caves and submerged forest views not found at the other entryways.




Fishing at Tanjung Mentong - Taman Negara

Due to the lake environment, there are some great fishing spots here. However, take note that in Sungai Cacing, fishing is off limits as it is a designated breeding area for local species of fish such as kelah.


Scenic and Wildlife Photography

camera trapping tiger - Tanjung Mentong
camera trapping tiger

Again due to the lake with its submerged jungle trees and many hill islands, this area may afford the opportunity as a photographer’s paradise. Explore the limitless possibilities with a variety of flora and fauna.


Cave Exploration

Gua Bewah - Tasik Kenyir
Gua Bewah – Tasik Kenyir

There are 2 important caves, Gua Bewah and Gua Taat. The latter has yielded Stone Age discoveries. Archaeologists have fount! Artifacts such as kitchen utensils, axes and tools dating back to the Neolithic Age (4000 BC). Interestingly, the mouth of the cave would have been high up the hill and was only made more accessible once the man- made Tasik Kenyir filled up.


Climb Gunung Gagau

Climbing Gunung Gagau - Taman Negara

This popular mountain-climbers destination in Taman Negara at 1,300m affords views of all 3 states in the park from its peak.


Each visitor must obtain an entrance permit at RM1 per person A fishing license costs RM10 while a camera license is RM5 per camera.



Chalet at Tanjung Mentong

There are 5 chalets and a 60-bed hostel, but there are only one resort located at Taman Negara – Tanjong Mentong Resort.



Getting to Tanjung Mentong
Pengkalan Gawi – Tasik Kenyir

Visitors can reach Tanjung Mentong through the 2 jetties in Gawi or Jenagor, all in Terengganu. The town of Kuala Berang is the nearest town. The motorboat trip cuts across Tasik Kenyir in about 45 minutes.

For more information, contact;
Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Tingkat 4, Wisma Persekutuan,
Jalan Paya Bunga, 20200 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Darul Iman.
Tel: 609 6221460
Fax: 609 6241326

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